"Acupuncture refers to the use of fine gauge, dry needles that are inserted into the body at specific points selected as determined by meridian and chi theory. Dry needling refers to the use of fine gauge, dry needles that are inserted into the body at specific points based upon segmentally myofascial, trigger points theory. Dry needles are solid, thin needles that have no ability to inject or withdraw fluid."1

    "The terms acupuncture, dry needling technique and use of dry needles can describe a variety of approaches. Physical therapists may use a classical, neuro-anatomical or intramuscular stimulation approach, or a combination of these approaches, to acupuncture and dry needling."2 

    A physiotherapist certified to use acupuncture uses fine gauge, dry needles that are inserted into the body at specific points selected as determined by meridian and chi theory. It is used to relieve pain and treat various physical disorders within the scope of physical therapy practice.

    * There are a variety of acupuncture credentials that may be earned. "A physiotherapist may only use acupuncture if he or she has successfully completed a program listed in the College Bylaws Schedule "Approved Acupuncture and Dry Needling Programs" including associated examinations. Practicing acupuncture techniques on patients is permitted only after the physical therapist has demonstrated competency through successful completion of the approved course and has sent proof of their educational qualifications to the College."3

    1, 2,3  "Practice Standard." College of Physical Therapists of British Columbia. Accessed Dec. 3, 2014. http://cptbc.org/ 

    Physiotherapists passionate about the physical health and function of animal patients. Animal Rehabilitation involves an indepth education system consisting of anatomy, physiology, common injuries and surgeries, behavioural issues, physical examination, and treatment techniques.1

    A Diploma or Certificate in animal rehabilitation is required to practice animal rehab in Canada. Learn more

    1 "Animal Rehab Division." Canadian Physiotherapy Association. Accessed Dec. 3, 2014. http://www.physiotherapy.ca/.

    Cardiorespiratory physiotherapy can help individuals who suffer problems with their heart, lungs and circulatory system. Common conditions include COPD, asthma and heart attacks.

    A clinical specialist in physiotherapy practices at an advanced clinical level within a recognized physiotherapy speciality area through a formal program that combines clinical experience in the specialty practice area, continuing professional development, leadership activities and involvement in research.1

    Formal recognition as a Clinical Specialist in an area of physiotherapy is accomplished through meeting the requirements of the Canadian Physiotherapy Association Clinical Specialty Program. Learn more.

    1 "Clinical Specialty Program: Candidate Handbook." Canadian Physiotherapy Association. Accessed Dec. 3, 2014. http://www.physiotherapy.ca/.

    Physiotherapists who have advanced education and clinical experience specific to the evaluation and treatment of patients with cervical spine (neck) disorders, cervicogenic headaches, orofacial pain, and temporomandibular disorders (TMJ).

    A Certified Gunn Intramuscular Stimulation Practitioner (CGIMS) is a physiotherapist (PT) who has been trained through the Institute for the Study and Treatment of Pain, founded by the developer of the IMS technique, Dr. Chan Gunn M.D. and offered through the University of British Columbia. A physiotherapist with CGIMS has at least 4 years clinical musculoskeletal or neuromuscular physiotherapy patient experience as well as either acupuncture certification or Level III of the Intermediate Diploma of Manual Therapy.

    A Certified Hand Therapist (CHT) is a Physiotherapist (PT) with advanced clinical knowledge, experience and skills in the practice of hand and upper extremity rehabilitation. A CHT has a minimum of five years of clinical experience, including 4,000 hours or more in direct practice in hand therapy and has successfully completed a comprehensive test of advanced clinical skills and theory in upper quarter rehabilitation.

    A certified lymphedema therapist can provide "manual therapy for treating lymphedema through Combined Decongestive Therapy. This consists of Manual Lymph Drainage (MLD®), Compression Bandaging, Skin Care and Exercises. Post-graduate training is offered by 6 schools."1 Physiotherapists who are certified lymphedema therapists may be from the Dr. Vodder School - North America, Klose Training & Consulting or Chikly Health Institute.

     

    1 "Lymphatic drainage therapists". BC Lymphedema Association. Accessed Feb. 2, 2015. http://www.bclymph.org/page-962912

    Physiotherapists who treat vestibular conditions typically see people with dizziness, vertigo, and imbalance. Conditions may include BPPV, vestibular neuritis and central causes of dizziness like Multiple Sclerosis, stroke and brain tumours; among others. A Certified Vestibular Therapist has experience in treating vestibular patients and has done an intensive 6 day course, such as that given by Emory University. The course includes written, practical and video examinations. Those that are successful in those examinations use the term Certified Vestibular Therapist.

    Physiotherapists who are Fellows of the Canadian Academy of Manipulative Physiotherapy (FCAMPT) have completed extensive post-graduate education in the area of orthopaedics and have achieved internationally-recognized qualifications in hands-on manual and manipulative therapy. Therapists must have completed Levels I-V and both the Intermediate and Advanced Diploma of Manual Therapy.

    Physiotherapists certified in performing Functional Capacity Evaluations are trained to asses a worker's ability to perform work and their physical tolerances to a variety of real and/or simulated work activities. Their role is to collect objective information relevant to the determination of feasibility for employment. This includes the identification of individual strength, abilities, needs and preferences by undertaking subjective questionnaires, real and/or simulated work activities, consistency of effort measures and standardized tests.

    The McKenzie Method consists of a comprehensive mechanical evaluation of a patient's physical complaints. A physiotherapist who holds a diploma in the McKenzie Method has advanced knowledge to develop a mechanical treatment strategy aimed at resolving the patient's current symptoms and long term prevention of recurrence. The method encourages self-management and patient independence.

    Physiotherapy treatment of injuries related to bones, muscles, ligaments and joints. Injuries such as fractures, strains and sprains may be treated with a variety of techniques including manual therapy and electrotherapy.

    A clinical specialist in physiotherapy practices at an advanced clinical level within a recognized physiotherapy speciality area through a formal program that combines clinical experience in the specialty practice area, continuing professional development, leadership activities and involvement in research.1

    Formal recognition as a Clinical Specialist in an area of physiotherapy is accomplished through meeting the requirements of the Canadian Physiotherapy Association Clinical Specialty Program. Learn more.

    1 "Clinical Specialty Program: Candidate Handbook." Canadian Physiotherapy Association. Accessed Dec. 3, 2014. http://www.physiotherapy.ca/.

    Neurological physiotherapy can help individuals who suffer problems originating from the nervous system, including the brain, the spinal cord and the peripheral nerves. Common conditions include strokes, traumatic brain injuries, spinal cord injuries, multiple sclerosis, cerebal palsy, dementia and Parkinson's.

    A clinical specialist in physiotherapy practices at an advanced clinical level within a recognized physiotherapy speciality area through a formal program that combines clinical experience in the specialty practice area, continuing professional development, leadership activities and involvement in research.1

    Formal recognition as a Clinical Specialist in an area of physiotherapy is accomplished through meeting the requirements of the Canadian Physiotherapy Association Clinical Specialty Program. Learn more.

    1 "Clinical Specialty Program: Candidate Handbook." Canadian Physiotherapy Association. Accessed Dec. 3, 2014. http://www.physiotherapy.ca/.

    Physiotherapy can help people undergoing cancer treatment manage pain, maximize independence and improve quality of life. 

    A clinical specialist in physiotherapy practices at an advanced clinical level within a recognized physiotherapy speciality area through a formal program that combines clinical experience in the specialty practice area, continuing professional development, leadership activities and involvement in research.1

    Formal recognition as a Clinical Specialist in an area of physiotherapy is accomplished through meeting the requirements of the Canadian Physiotherapy Association Clinical Specialty Program. Learn more.

    1 "Clinical Specialty Program: Candidate Handbook." Canadian Physiotherapy Association. Accessed Dec. 3, 2014. http://www.physiotherapy.ca/.

    Physiotherapy treatment of children under 16 who have orthopaedic, neurological and respiratory conditions, developmental delays, burns, and conditions such as cerebral palsy, spina bifida, muscular dystrophy, and cystic fibrosis.

    A clinical specialist in physiotherapy practices at an advanced clinical level within a recognized physiotherapy speciality area through a formal program that combines clinical experience in the specialty practice area, continuing professional development, leadership activities and involvement in research.1

    Formal recognition as a Clinical Specialist in an area of physiotherapy is accomplished through meeting the requirements of the Canadian Physiotherapy Association Clinical Specialty Program. Learn more.

    1 "Clinical Specialty Program: Candidate Handbook." Canadian Physiotherapy Association. Accessed Dec. 3, 2014. http://www.physiotherapy.ca/.

    Physiotherapy for chronic pain conditions can help individuals who suffer an array of complex, persisting, long term, and reoccurring pain syndromes. Management aims to alleviate pain, improve well being and benefit participation in life by use of a broad range of interventions.

    A clinical specialist in physiotherapy practices at an advanced clinical level within a recognized physiotherapy speciality area through a formal program that combines clinical experience in the specialty practice area, continuing professional development, leadership activities and involvement in research.1

    Formal recognition as a Clinical Specialist in an area of physiotherapy is accomplished through meeting the requirements of the Canadian Physiotherapy Association Clinical Specialty Program. Learn more.

    1 "Clinical Specialty Program: Candidate Handbook." Canadian Physiotherapy Association. Accessed Dec. 3, 2014. http://www.physiotherapy.ca/.

    Physiotherapy treatment of age-related conditions such as osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, heart disease, immobility and prevention of falls. Encompasses treatment for multiple conditions occuring at the same time and considers medication use.

    A clinical specialist in physiotherapy practices at an advanced clinical level within a recognized physiotherapy speciality area through a formal program that combines clinical experience in the specialty practice area, continuing professional development, leadership activities and involvement in research.1

    Formal recognition as a Clinical Specialist in an area of physiotherapy is accomplished through meeting the requirements of the Canadian Physiotherapy Association Clinical Specialty Program. Learn more.

    1 "Clinical Specialty Program: Candidate Handbook." Canadian Physiotherapy Association. Accessed Dec. 3, 2014. http://www.physiotherapy.ca/.

    "A physiotherapist who plans, organizes and directs programmes of pre-season screening, first aid, rehabilitation, education and counselling for athletes, coaches and others concerned with sports. They may work directly with athletes or may undertake a consulting role for sports organizations."1 A Certificate holder has passed basic competency standards using nationally standardized written and practical examination processes through Sport Physiotherapy Canada.

    1 "Role of a Sport Physio." Sport Physiotherapy Canada. Accessed Dec. 3, 2014. http://www.sportphysio.ca/.

    A physiotherapist who plans, organizes and directs programmes of pre-season screening, first aid, rehabilitation, education and counselling for athletes, coaches and others concerned with sports. They may work directly with athletes or may undertake a consulting role for sports organizations. 

    A clinical specialist in physiotherapy practices at an advanced clinical level within a recognized physiotherapy speciality area through a formal program that combines clinical experience in the specialty practice area, continuing professional development, leadership activities and involvement in research.1

    Formal recognition as a Clinical Specialist in an area of physiotherapy is accomplished through meeting the requirements of the Canadian Physiotherapy Association Clinical Specialty Program. Learn more.

    1 "Clinical Specialty Program: Candidate Handbook." Canadian Physiotherapy Association. Accessed Dec. 3, 2014. http://www.physiotherapy.ca/.

    "A physiotherapist who plans, organizes and directs programmes of pre-season screening, first aid, rehabilitation, education and counselling for athletes, coaches and others concerned with sports. They may work directly with athletes or may undertake a consulting role for sports organizations."A Diploma holder has passed the highest level of competency standards through Sport Physiotherapy Canada and is eligible to apply to work at major games (Olympics, Commonwealth Games etc).

    1 "Role of a Sport Physio." Sport Physiotherapy Canada. Accessed Dec. 3, 2014. http://www.sportphysio.ca/

    The emphasis of the health sciences on fitness and wellness has brought to women’s attention a need to pay closer attention to their bodies during recreation, work, and throughout life (Women's Health APTA, 2014). A women's health physiotherapist has specialized training which can benefit women with a variety of conditions, such as urinary incontinence, pelvic pain, prenatal and postpartum pain, or lymphedema. 

    A clinical specialist in physiotherapy practices at an advanced clinical level within a recognized physiotherapy speciality area through a formal program that combines clinical experience in the specialty practice area, continuing professional development, leadership activities and involvement in research.1

    Formal recognition as a Clinical Specialist in an area of physiotherapy is accomplished through meeting the requirements of the Canadian Physiotherapy Association Clinical Specialty Program. Learn more.

    "Clinical Specialty Program: Candidate Handbook." Canadian Physiotherapy Association. Accessed Dec. 3, 2014. http://www.physiotherapy.ca/.